My mom tells me stories like this a lot, about when she was trying to get a job in the warehouse of Procter and Gamble in the late seventies I believe. She went in, hair long, sharply dressed, and was told that this wasn’t the place for her.
After waiting the probationary few months to reapply, she cut her hair short, wore all flannel and boots, and got the job. Needless to say, the men in her department didn’t make it easy for her. This was a “man’s world” and she would need to adapt, i.e. tolerate their sexually objectifying and sexist jokes.
Dee Dickson’s interview with NPR doesn’t sound a bad as my mother’s, and far better than Josey Aimes’ life in North Country. It makes me wonder what newly-hired women experience at the shipyards today.
Don’t feel like reading? Listen to Dickson’s story here.
In 1974, Dee Dickson was separated from her husband and raising two children by herself in Biloxi, Miss. Needing a job, she set her sights on becoming an electrician at a nearby shipyard. But she soon found out that it wasn’t an easy job to land.
“The guy that was interviewing told me I was too little; that I wouldn’t get along with the guys; that they would make life hard for me,” Dickson says.
“He didn’t think I needed to be doing it.”
Eventually, Dickson’s father stepped in to offer his help. His uncle Alf was a superintendent at the docks.
“Finally, at the end of that week, I let my dad take me to see Uncle Alf,” Dickson says.
They talked — and on the next Monday, Dickson reported to work at Ingalls Shipbuilding.
“The guy said, ‘Look, I got the word from the top. I don’t like it, but you’re hired.’ ”
When she went to work on her first ship, Dickson hit another obstacle. As an apprentice, she needed to learn on the job. And to do that, she needed to be paired with a “buddy.”
“But none of the guys would work with me,” Dickson says.
She recalls them telling her, “These are men’s jobs. You’re taking jobs away from men who have families.”
Her answer was simple: “I said, ‘I have a family and no man — and I need money.’ ”
Ingalls had employed women as shipbuilders before — but that was during World War II, when many male workers were serving in the military.
In Dickson’s case, “It took about two weeks before I started proving myself. And the guys were doing better with it. They would work with me.
“I had several guys who told me, ‘You need to slow down — you’re making us look bad,’ ” she says with a laugh. “You know? And I’m like, ‘I’m here to work!’ ”
And her hard work paid off.
“We had to go to school two nights a week. And I was the first apprentice who had ever become supervisor before graduation. And they were mad, because I got a raise. And I got a position they thought was theirs.
“I had a knack for getting stuff done on time, and getting it done right.”
Dickson had that knack, despite not being able to do everything most of her male co-workers could — or, at least, not in the same way.
For instance, she says, “I couldn’t lift an 80-pound transformer. But I found a way to do the same things they were doing. And it kind of made me better than I probably would’ve been if I was a guy.”
Dickson went on to work at the shipyard for a total of five years — her first stint lasted three years, and then she returned for another two after working at a nuclear power plant.
Now retired, Dickson is in the process of becoming a Methodist preacher.
Audio produced for Morning Edition by Jasmyn Belcher.
High-tech Rosies! From Sociological Images
by Lisa Wade
Many of us are familiar with the female blue-collar workers that took jobs in factories during World War II. It turns out, however, that women were also employed as mathematicians and computers (that’s “compute-ers”). In this photo, Jean Jennings Bartik and Frances Bilas Spence get ready to present an early computer to military officials in 1946:
Yes, these high-tech Rosie positions were off-limits to non-white women and most likely non-white men. But, imagine these groups of white female mathematicians who become stay-at-home mothers shortly after the war, teaching their daughters to go to school for home economics or an MRS degree so as to not offend a potential suitor with her intellect. No wonder they were disgruntled and rejected American conformity in the postwar era.
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